The dog in traffic.
Dogs can get used to different situations very well. If you have taken the pup out on the road when it is young, it will soon learn that there are different kinds of dogs, just like different kinds of people. A dog will gradually understand that it can be busy at the market, that he will be kept on a lead in front of the shop, and that the owner will pick him up after he has finished shopping. The owner has taught him that there is traffic on the street and that he cannot just cross the street. It is part of the so-called "socializing".
During puppy training, you teach the dog many good things that are useful in everyday traffic. If he reacts well to the command 'sit', apply this directly at the curb when you want to cross. At the next command, you let the dog cross over. How earlier you start this, how faster the dog will learn it. When you continue to train this consequently, the dog at a given moment no commando's more necessary and do it of itself.
If the dog is one or one and a half years old, you can let him run along with the bicycle. It is good for his condition. You can train it in advance by letting the pup walk on the right side of the bike, while you walk on the left side of the bike. In this way, the dog learns to walk on the right side of the bicycle. Hold the lead in such a way that you can easily let go of it and do not cycle too fast. The dog must be able to walk along at a trot. Build it up slowly.
Teach your puppy to ride in the car at a young age. Teach him that when he rides in the car, he sits down in his seat and waits to jump out of the car until you have given the signal. The younger you start, the more profit you will have from this behavior. A young pup can learn this quickly. The young pup will have to wait until the owner lifts it out of the car, so it will learn to wait automatically.
You do not think about it
immediately, but your dog can suddenly get sick or have an accident. The costs
of caring for the dog can then suddenly mount up considerably. Medical care for
pets in the Netherlands is extensive and of a high standard. You can put an
amount aside each month to save for possible medical costs. However, you can
also insure your pet.
There are several insurers.
Compare the different providers and pay attention not only to the premium but
especially to the conditions. Some dog health insurances do not cover
everything and some have an excess. Are certain complaints already known to the
dog? It is possible that the costs for the treatment of these complaints are
not covered by the new insurance. Certain treatments may also be excluded by
insurers. This concerns, for example, treatments for disorders that occur
frequently in certain breeds.
In addition to pet insurance,
there are also a dental, accident, cremation, and travel insurances for dogs. If
the insurer is affiliated with the Financial Services Complaints Institute
(Kifid), you can submit any complaints to this institute.
When you become the owner of a
dog, you are liable for any damage caused by the dog. Therefore take the
conditions of your own WA insurance once good by. If nothing or hardly anything
is mentioned about pets, you can ask the insurer for an extensive explanation.
Ask them to send you the explanation on paper and keep it with your policy
conditions as a written confirmation.
In tip 3, the use of a box for
getting used to has been discussed at length. Instead of a box, the bench is
also a good place to create a safe haven for the pup. A bench is a kind of collapsible
cage, where the pup has a free view of its surroundings. Make sure the dog
feels comfortable in the crate by giving him food or a toy there. Do not leave
the dog in the bench for a long time, but only when you want to have your hands
free for example.
Take your dog at a young age
to different places, the lift, in the car and with public transport. In this
way, he learns to get used to different people and different environments. All
impressions gained by the dog before the age of 12 weeks will later ensure that
the dog can handle different situations. It is sensible and fun to take a puppy
course. You will learn a lot about the upbringing of your dog and the dog will
learn to listen to you and to do what you tell him in a playful manner. You will
learn the correct way of giving commands.
Just like people, young dogs
reach puberty at a certain moment. The dog can suddenly become stubborn and
ignore commands. You must be alert on this and especially remain very
consequent. Of course, the dog is occasionally naughty. However, the animal has
no awareness of valuable things. If somewhere a new shoe is lying around, the
dog thinks that it is a nice toy, which has to be examined well by biting at it
and dragging it through the room. Keep it at a punitive "foei!" if
you find the shoe eaten. It makes no sense to punish the dog afterwards. It
only has sense when you catch the dog in the act.
Many dogs suffer from fleas.
The fleas cause itching. The dog responds by scratching, biting or rubbing
violently. This can seriously damage the skin. Some dogs react allergically to
flea saliva. Swallowed fleas can infect the dog with tapeworm. It is
therefore important to protect the dog from this uninvited parasite. You can
get different flea treatments from your vet or pet shop. Ask for advice on
which agents are best for your dog and be well informed. Are you using more
than one agent at the same time? Please be aware that some combinations of
agents can be dangerous. Does the dog already have fleas? Then treat not only
the dog but also the entire environment.
Dogs can be
particularly troubled by hookworms, whipworms, and tapeworms. It is not only
unpleasant but also very unhealthy for the animal and the environment. It is
therefore important to deworm your dog regularly. It is better to deworm
preventively than to take action when the damage is done. Puppies are dewormed
at the age of 2, 4, and 6 weeks. This is repeated when the puppy is 2, 4 and 6
months old, followed by 2 to 3 times a year. You can get the deworming products
from the pet shop or from the vet. You can't prevent the contamination of worms
one hundred percent, but you can prevent it for a very large part if you pay
attention to hygiene, don't feed the dog raw meat, and make sure the garden is
free of poop.
The dog is vaccinated
to prevent infectious diseases. A series of vaccinations ensure that your dog
becomes immune to these dangerous infectious diseases. Sometimes a repeating
series of vaccinations are necessary. Against most viruses, a three-yearly vaccination
is sufficient. In spring the dog needs an annual vaccination against Weil's
disease and kennel cough. Puppies are vaccinated
at the ages of 6, 9, and 12 weeks. When buying a dog, a vaccination booklet or
animal passport should be provided.
Sterilization is a
surgical procedure that takes place under general anesthesia. A small incision
is made in the abdominal wall. The ovaries are removed. A small incision
remains. The dog is usually allowed to return home the same day. Vets advise sterilizing
a bitch at a young age. A bitch comes into heat when she is between 6 and 12
months old. According to the doctors, it is best to have a bitch spayed 2 to 3
months after the first heat. The main purpose of sterilization is to prevent
the dog from having litters. After sterilization, the heat will disappear.
However, there are also disadvantages, namely the chance of incontinence after sterilization
in larger dogs. After sterilization, a dog can gain weight more easily. An
alternative to sterilization is the injection pill. This should be administered
every 6 months. However, the contraceptive pill increases the risk of diabetes,
mammary gland tumors, and uterine infections.
During castration, the
testicles and testicles are surgically removed from a male dog. In general, the
dog can be picked up the same day. He has difficulty walking after the
A male dog can be
castrated from the age of 6 months. Castration does not only make the dog
infertile. There are other advantages to such an operation, especially with
regard to undesirable behavior. After castration, the male can be curbed in his
dominance, although it is not necessarily one hundred percent effective. Some
dogs are unstoppable when they come near bitches in heat. Castration can put an
end to the annoying urge to drive against objects, other dogs, and people.
Castration does not make the dog calmer, which is what many people think. The
biggest disadvantage is that the dog will get more appetite and will gain
weight faster. There are alternatives. The dog can be injected with an agent
that temporarily lowers male hormones. A subcutaneous implant can suppress
testosterone production for a period of 6 months.
Caring for the puppy
Before you get a dog,
it's a good idea to have a good look at the house for safety. Are there any
wires on the floor and are any cleaning products safely stored away? Think
about a "private place" for the new housemate. This should be a place
where the dog can sleep peacefully. For toilet training, it is handy to get a
so-called 'bench' in the house, a room kennel. Arrange in advance for a collar,
name tag, leash, food bowls, toys, poop bags, and garden fencing (so the dog
cannot run away). Close off areas of the house where the dog is not allowed to
go, for example with children's gates. Read books about caring for dogs or
specifically about the breed you have chosen.
The first day that the
dog is brought into the house is an exciting day for both the dog and the new
owner. Give the dog space and the rest to explore his new residence. Avoid
too much fuss. Wait with the introduction of your new housemate to friends and
acquaintances until it feels at ease. Do not leave the dog alone for too long
in the beginning. The puppy will miss its mother and will gradually see the new
owner as of the replacement.
Teach children to
handle the dog calmly and carefully. It is especially important that the dog is
left alone when he lies in his basket.
The first night will
probably go the dog squeak and/or whine. It misses its mother and is anxious
because it is removed from the safe environment of its mother and brothers and
sister. The first nights you can let the dog sleep in a basket next to or near
your bed. Do not take him into bed, as this will become a habit that the pup
will not easily unlearn. Put a piece of cloth from the parental nest in the
basket. The smell can have a calming effect. Let the dog in this way slowly get
used to the smells of and the contact with his new environment.
In the past, leftovers
from the dog's meal were used as food. Nowadays, manufacturers promote dog food
that has special ingredients. Adapt food to the age, size, and needs of the dog.
Provide a complete, balanced diet. The guidelines given on the packaging are
for the average dog. Adjust that amount to the size of your own dog. Take care
that the dog does not get too fat. The animal may become ill. Overweight
promotes the development of bone growth disorders. You should therefore weigh
your dog regularly. During growth, the quantity of food must be constantly
The breeder has
already given the puppy a specific food. You can give this food for the first
time. If you prefer to give another brand, it is sensible to gradually change
the old brand to the new brand. Mix the old food with the new food bit by bit
until you give the pup the complete food.
Provide every day a
bowl with fresh water. Give the dog the food at fixed times. The first few
weeks preferably give the pup a small quantity of food four times. Reduce the
number of feedings until (from 9 months) you have two feedings a day: in the
morning and in the evening. Adjust the quantity each time. Pay attention to
whether the dog gains or loses weight and pay particular attention to its
condition. When in doubt, it is wise to consult the vet. At the vet, you can
also weigh the dog.
Take away the food
bowl after eating and do not let it stand the whole day. Also, take away the
water bowl at night and fill it up with fresh water the next morning.
How to housebreak
The house training of
a dog begins immediately when it is a puppy. Take the puppy for a good walk
before going to bed. Put the puppy in a box by the bed for the first few
nights. The box must be large and high enough. The puppy must not be able to
clamber out. If the dog starts to protest, you can speak to him encouragingly
or stroke his head. However, do not pay too much attention to it and keep it
When the dog gets used
to it, he will sleep better and better without squeaking. Begins the dog in the
night to squeak, let him out. The first nights the pup will have to get out
more often, but after a while, the nightly outings will slowly become less
necessary. Then gradually start moving the box further away from the bed. Move
the box more and more in the direction of the final fixed sleeping place of the
Bear in mind when
house-training that a young dog does not know by itself that he must urinate
and defecate outside. This must be taught to him. In the litter, the mother
cleans up for him. Young dogs must, just like small children get control over
When you let the
learning process proceed calmly, you will eventually get your dog housebroken,
although it takes at the one dog what longer than at the other.
Has the dog become
house-trained? Then it is time to start training the street housekeeping. Do
not allow the dog to do his need everywhere. You can teach dogs to do it on
command. It is best if they wait a while. Sometimes it seems like they have to
go, but often it is just territorial behavior. If the dog is about to go and
pee, walk him through the door on a lead and give him a firm "No! Then
give him the opportunity to do it where it is allowed. Don't forget to take the
waste bags with you when you take the dog out.
Take the dog out at
fixed times. The first few weeks, several times, and build up to this slowly.
Go to the same place the first time, so the dog can recognize it. Make sure the
dog can do his thing here undisturbed. A sheltered place is ideal. Encourage
the dog by rewarding him after the one thing with praising words such as
"good boy! When you, arriving at the for the dog known spot, always give
the commando: "pee!" gives, the dog will recognize this command on
the long term and you can use the command also on other places.